Shinkarenko Elena Aleksandrovna, Candidate of sociological sciences, senior lecturer, sub-department general sociology and social work, Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevsky (23 Gagarina avenue, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia), email@example.com
Background. Education and labor are in tight connection; in the process of personnel training universities have to focus on the labor market requirements. Private companies require the personnel who know the specifics of an enterprise, and manygraduates as a rule need to obtain additional competences to work in a certain sphere. At the present time both universities and employers are interested in beneficial cooperation that could be implemented in various forms. The aim of the article is to analyze the main forms of interaction between universities and large companiesemployers.
Materials and methods. Realization of the research tasks was achieved through the analysis of a number of interviews with representatives of large universities and private companies of Nizhny Novgorod, as well as round tables devoted to the problems of education and labor (six interviews and materials from two round tables). To process the obtained data the author applied the method of content-analysis using the specialized Lekte package. The basic dictionary included over 38 000 words. The dictionary’s capacity to research the problems of interest is 145 semantic links. As a result the author obtained 12 factors; the explanatory capacity of the model is 25%.
Results. As a result the author obtained a wide range of basic forms of interaction, divided into universal and specific ones, which could be implemented on the basis of educational institutions, companies-employers or on neutral grounds. Particularly, the analysis revealed such specific ways of cooperation between universities and business-companies as participation of employers in the educational process in the form of lectures, establishment of laboratories and sponsored subdepartments.
Conclusions. The study of opinions of university’s and employer’s representatives allows to suggest that the primary stage of interaction, as a rule, is the universal ways of cooperation. The increase of volumes would be determined, as a rule, by the specificity of educational programs, realized by universities, and the specialization of companies-employers. Such cooperation may lead to the balance between the needs of universities in graduates’ job placement and of enterprises in recruiting personnel of required qualification.
students’ job placement, interaction universities - employers, employers and educational process, students’ practice, specialties in engineering and humanities
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